We’re in process of compiling some tutorials and resources that might be useful for participants as they work on their communication projects. Below is a list of the topics we’re pulling together background and software tips on. Anything missing? Leave a comment!
The process for creating an animation begins with organized idea that gets translated into a simple rough sketch before finalizing into a refined illustration.
1. Organize Your Idea
Before you start drawing, you want to make sure to think through your idea so you have a organized plan for what needs to be included and what the goal of the illustration is. To do this, write down answers the following questions:
What is the goal of completing this illustration?
Who is the audience?
What information needs to be included for the audience to care?
What information needs to be included for the audience to understand the illustration?
2. Create a Rough Sketch
Keeping your goal and audience in mind, draw a simple sketch. It can be as simple as boxes with words to show what icons or images should appear where. It can be something that looks more representational of what you think the final image should be. The key is to sketch in a format that’s quick and easy for you to use. The goal in this step of the process is to create a plan for the final image. So don’t use a illustration tool that you’re not familiar with at this time. Pen and paper is fine.
3. Draw the Final Illustration
Before you start drawing, consider whether you need to draw at all. There may be tools or clip art out there to help you simplify the process. Here are three options you can consider:
Use an Illustration Tool
When it comes to making an illustration Integration & Application Network at University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (IAN) has a large library of stock images, icons, and symbols: http://ian.umces.edu/ There are several tools you can use that you can simply drag and drop icons to build your illustration. Infographic Apps could be useful to help you build an illustration.
Gather Clip Art and Do Your Own Layout
You can also consider editing clip art from a free or paid stock art service and arrange these pieces and add text in another program, such as MS Word, MS PowerPoint, Adobe InDesign, or another program. You can find images through stock and open source image services.
Drawing and Designing from Scratch
If you want to work from scratch, you could draw and design your illustration using professional software. To do this, you’ll need to know a little bit about layout and design, and you’ll need to identify an illustration tool you’d like to use. Adobe Illustrator is the leading vector illustration tool. Adobe Photoshop is really not designed for creating illustrations, but it can be paired with Illustrator to achieve some different effects. Here are some training videos through Lynda.com that might be useful, however, you will also find many more resources that tackle specific issues on YouTube.:
There are many different ways you can create animations. You can (1) add motion to a presentation, (2) create a stop motion animation, or (3) build an animation like a traditional cartoon. Here are some tools you can use to accomplish these kinds of animation:
Prezi. Prezi is an online, flash-based presentation tool which makes use of one large canvas that allows you to pan and zoom to various parts of the canvas and emphasize the ideas presented there. Prezi allows the speaker to navigate amongst data and visuals along a pre-determined “path” telling a compelling story that sticks in the minds of the audience and makes for a more effective presentation.
PowerPoint. You can add movement to PowerPoint to give presentations an animation effect. There are many tutorials on YouTube that walk through how you can animate text or other elements in your presentation. The tutorial below provides a good overview too:
VideoScribe is a video application that allows you to create whiteboard movies using vector graphics. So a hand will physically come onto the screen and pretend to write whatever it is you want in the presentation.
CreaToon is another free software, but it was originally built to animate only (meaning you would have to complete illustrations in another program and import them into CreaToon). The newest version has some illustration capabilities so that you can create the illustration directly in the program, but the quality and control is lower than Pencil.
Adobe Flash. Adobe Flash Professional is multimedia authoring program that creates interactive and animated content. This is a professional software, so be prepared for a more complex tool with all of the bells and whistles.
IAN Symbol Library. Integration & Application Network at University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (IAN) has a library of symbols and images that may be helpful for building conceptual diagrams, and they are open source (meaning free for your non-commercial use): http://ian.umces.edu/symbols/#_Resources
Flickr. While not a bank for scientific images specifically, you might get lucky. From the home page type in your search terms, but then under the license drop down menu select the “All creative commons” filter. Creative commons is a copyright license that indicates the image is available for non-commercial use. https://www.flickr.com
Paid Stock Photo Sites. Make sure you read the copyright rules. Some copyrights will cap the audience size that can view the image. For print products or unrecorded presentations, you will probably not have a problem, but for web-based resources, the number of viewers can be much less predictable over the long-term.
Lynda.com offers several courses on photography. These were identified as having useful information on the basics of photography. To access these videos, you will need to log-in to Lynda.com through your university (All Virginia Sea Grant partner institutions have a Lynda.com subscription available to students and staff in their libraries. Contact your library for more instruction.) Once you log-in, you will be able to access these videos.
What is a photo essay by Photojournalist Paul Taggart (1h): The course outlines the fundamentals of shooting a photo essay, from how to think about telling a story photographically to how to present your final photo story.https://www.lynda.com/Photography-Foundations-tutorials/What-photo-essay/461913/500706-4.html